Botanical Name: Pseudotsuga menziesii Add
Common Name: Douglas Fir  
Plant photo of: Pseudotsuga menziesii
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California Native Plant
  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer


Height Range

12-25', 25-40', 100' and up


Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Blue Green, Dark Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half





Growth Rate

Moderate, Slow


Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Well-drained, Moist


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Wild Garden, Woodland


Accenting Features



Seasonal Interest



Location Uses

Background, Lawn, Park, Roadside


Special Uses

Hedge, Screen, Wind Break


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Jerry Sortomme Editor
Photographer: Connon Nursery
  • Description

  • Notes

On older trees of this variety, the bark is thick, corky, and deeply fissured. The crown changes from a conical form and becomes broad and flat-crowned with age, making the branches wide and drooping. Its cones are 3"-4" long, and have 3 pointed bracts that extend beyond the needles of the scales. The buds are cigar-shaped, and the bark of the young trees is smooth and gray. This is a highly combustible plant.
Planting: 1. Dig a hole 1" less the depth and 2 times the width of the container. 2. Fill hole with water, let soak. 3. Set root ball in hole. 4. Fill hole halfway with native soil and water. 5. Finish back filling hole, build basin and water.