Botanical Name: Gaultheria shallon Add
Common Name: Salal, Lemon Leaves  
Plant photo of: Gaultheria shallon
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California Native Plant
  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Shrub, Perennial


Height Range

Under 1'


Flower Color

Pink, White


Flower Season

Spring, Summer


Leaf Color

Dark Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Half, Shade





Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Ranch, Seascape


Accenting Features

Showy Flowers


Seasonal Interest

Spring, Fall


Location Uses



Special Uses

Erosion Control


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Jerry Sortomme Editor
Photographer: Jennifer Chandler
  • Description

  • Notes

Salal is an evergreen shrub bearing pinkish flowers in spring. Given full sun and poor, dry soil, it grows to 2' tall. When planted in shaded areas with rich soil, it will grow to 4'-10' tall. This plant is a California native.
Planting: 1. Dig a hole 1" less the depth and 2 times the width of the container. 2. Fill hole with water, let soak. 3. Set root ball in hole. 4. Fill hole halfway with native soil and water. 5. Finish back filling hole, build basin and water.