Botanical Name: Magnolia grandiflora Add
Common Name: Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay  
Plant photo of: Magnolia grandiflora
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  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type



Height Range

12-25', 25-40'


Flower Color



Flower Season

Summer, Fall


Leaf Color

Dark Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half





Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate


Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

English Cottage, Formal, Meadow, Ranch, Tropical, Woodland


Accenting Features

Espalier, Fragrance, Showy Flowers, Silhouette, Specimen


Seasonal Interest

Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Lawn, Patio, Street Tree


Special Uses

Container, Cut Flowers, Screen, Shade Tree


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Jerry Sortomme Editor
Photographer: GardenSoft
  • Description

  • Notes

Its large, simple, leathery appearance makes the pyramidal Magnolia grandiflora perfect for either a street or lawn tree. Its leaves are 4"-8" long, and its powerfully fragrant blooms are carried throughout the summer and fall. If these plants are grafted, they are more predictable (may take 15 years to bloom). Ungrafted trees will take only 2-3 years. Restricted root areas or heavy soils will slow the growth process.
Planting: 1. Dig a hole 1" less the depth and 2 times the width of the container. 2. Fill hole with water, let soak. 3. Set root ball in hole. 4. Fill hole halfway with native soil and water. 5. Finish back filling hole, build basin and water.